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Ranking cities of Russia in the field of sustainable development

Sustainable development rating for cities of Russia is created in the beginning of 2012 according to sustainable territorial development approach worked up by international organizations and scientific community. The first results of the rating have been ready in 2013, based on the official statistical data of 2012. Rating covers 173 largest cities of Russia with population more than 100,000 people.

Goals of the rating:
  • To determinate advantages and disadvantages of municipal sustainable development to find out a potential for the future progress.
  • To define development guiding lines of various powers in the cities (regional and local authorities, local inhabitants, interested investors) to make a comparative analysis among examined cities and to elaborate correction package plans for cities to maintain sustainable development.
  • To create a stimulus for local authorities to improve sustainable development characteristics of their municipalities over a long period of time.
  • To set up reference points for investors, to find out cities that are ripe for investments directed to sustain their development.

Before developing our rating, experience of multiple leading research and consulting organizations that designed sustainable development and socio-economic ratings of cities was investigated: McKinsey, Ernst & Young, Australian Conservation Foundation, Forum for the Future, European Green Capital Initiative, Urbanica Territorial Planning Institute, etc. 
 
Sustainable development of cities, according to our strategy, is estimated by 32 indicators. These indicators are grouped under three categories, every of them divided into two sub-categories: social situation (population characteristics and condition of social infrastructure), economic performance (purely economic indices and condition of public infrastructure) and ecological situation (air pollution level and ecological efficiency of local industries).

Indicators have been chosen for the rating according to three key principles:
  • Openness. All used initial information is published by Federal State Statistics Service of Russia (Rosstat), its regional departments or by municipal authorities and could be found on the Internet.
  • Completeness. Only such indicators are used that are calculated and published for the most part of studied cities (not less than 95% of 173 cities). This principle allows us to make a correct comparison between 170 cities.
  • Relevance. Indicators that may be irrelevant due to initial data collection defects or non-connected with the sustainable development have been screened. Only such indicators are used that are relevant to sustainable development.